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Seed Plants Quiz



Modified True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.  If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the statement true.
 

 1. 

A vascular plant’s body is formed from dermal, vascular, and ground tissue systems. _________________________

 

 2. 

The protective layer of cork on a woody stem is a part of the ground tissue system of plants. _________________________

 

 3. 

Root hairs are extensions of the cortex cells that cover a root. _________________________

 

 4. 

Xylem transports water and mineral nutrients in vascular plants. _________________________

 

 5. 

The main function of ground tissue is to conduct water, minerals, and nutrients. _________________________

 

 6. 

Vascular tissue surrounded by ground tissue, which makes up much of the outside of a vascular plant. _________________________

 

 7. 

The main functions of the roots of plants are anchoring the plant and absorbing water and minerals. _________________________

 

 8. 

Herbaceous plants have non-woody stems. _________________________

 

 9. 

Sapwood contains xylem vessels that cannot conduct water. _________________________

 

 10. 

Xylem in heartwood cannot conduct water. _________________________

 

 11. 

A compound leaf has two or more leaflets. _________________________

 

 12. 

A plant embryo’s root develops above the cotyledons. _________________________

 

 13. 

A protective sheath covers the shoot of a sprouting bean seed. _________________________

 

 14. 

The cotyledons of beans are visible above the soil after germination. _________________________

 

 15. 

The cotyledons of a corn seed remain below the soil surface after germination. _________________________

 

 16. 

Plants stop developing once they have matured. _________________________

 

 17. 

Plants add new cells to the tips of their stems and roots, causing them to grow longer. _________________________

 

 18. 

Cell division in meristems decreases the length and width of a plant. _________________________

 

 19. 

Secondary tissues form as a result of cell division in a plant’s apical meristems. _________________________

 

 20. 

Nitrogen is an essential mineral nutrient needed for plant growth and development. _________________________

 

 21. 

Since calcium is a part of cell membranes, it plays a role in the support of a plant’s body. _________________________

 

 22. 

If a plant becomes deficient in magnesium, it will not be able to perform cellular respiration. _________________________

 

 23. 

The availability of light and nutrients affects the rate of plant growth. _________________________

 

 24. 

The movement of water through a plant can be explained by the pressure-flow model. _________________________

 

 25. 

The loss of water by translocation at the leaves helps pull water into the plant at the roots. _________________________

 

 26. 

The rate of water absorption in roots is influenced by the amount of water lost through transpiration. _________________________

 

 27. 

Osmosis between water molecules helps to pull water through a plant’s xylem. _________________________

 

 28. 

The guard cells swell when they take in water, which closes the stomata and allows transpiration to proceed. _________________________

 

 29. 

The movement of sugars into phloem cells requires the process of active transport. _________________________

 

 30. 

The distribution of sugars within a plant is referred to as transpiration. _________________________

 

 31. 

Sugars move in only two directions within the phloem of a plant. _________________________

 

 32. 

Roots function in the storage of excess nutrients in many plants. Therefore, roots are an example of a sink only. _________________________

 

 33. 

In plants, organic nutrients move through the xylem from where they are made to where they are needed. _________________________

 

 34. 

The transport of organic molecules from a leaf to the rest of the plant is called transportation. _________________________

 

 35. 

A hormone is any chemical messenger that is produced in one location and causes a response in another location. _________________________

 

 36. 

Auxins were the first group of plant hormones to be described. _________________________

 

 37. 

The shoots of oat seedlings bend toward light because of auxins produced in their root tips. _________________________

 

 38. 

Cytokinins are hormones that slow the aging of some plant organs such as cut flowers. _________________________

 

 39. 

Seedless fruits are often produced by applying ethylene to developing fruits. _________________________

 

 40. 

Plant shoots grow upward due to a negative gravitropism. _________________________

 

 41. 

Tropisms are the only way that plants respond to environmental stimuli. _________________________

 

 42. 

Tropisms are distinguished from other plant responses to stimuli in that they depend on the direction from which the stimulus comes. _________________________

 

 43. 

The response of a plant to the direction of a touch is called a thigmotropism. _________________________

 

 44. 

The fact that a plant blooms and sets fruit at the same time each year is explained by a heliotropism. _________________________

 

 45. 

The response of a Venus’ flytrap to an insect is an example of a tropism. _________________________

 

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 46. 

Which of the following is not a tissue system of vascular plants?
a.
vascular tissue
c.
ground tissue
b.
dermal tissue
d.
cuticle tissue
 

 47. 

cuticle : above-ground parts ::
a.
vascular system : plant
c.
guard cell : stoma
b.
sperm : egg
d.
wax : root system
 

 48. 

The xylem in a plant
a.
transports food from the leaves.
b.
transports water and minerals.
c.
exchanges carbon dioxide with the atmosphere.
d.
exchanges sugars and starches with leaves.
 

 49. 

The conducting cells of phloem are called
a.
tracheids.
c.
sieve plates.
b.
sieve-tube members.
d.
vessel-element cells.
 
 
The diagram below shows a portion of a plant’s vascular system.
nar001-1.jpg
 

 50. 

Refer to the illustration above. Structure B is known as a
a.
tracheid.
c.
vessel element.
b.
companion cell.
d.
sieve-tube member.
 

 51. 

Refer to the illustration above. Structure C is a
a.
tracheid.
c.
vessel cell.
b.
companion cell.
d.
sieve tube member.
 

 52. 

Refer to the illustration above. Which structure allows the cytoplasm of a companion cell to connect to the cytoplasm of a sieve-tube member and allows substances to pass freely from cell to cell?
a.
A
c.
D
b.
C
d.
E
 

 53. 

Refer to the illustration above. The structure labeled D is
a.
a companion cell.
c.
the nucleus of a companion cell.
b.
an epidermal cell.
d.
the chloroplast of an epidermal cell.
 

 54. 

The ground tissue in the center of roots and stems
a.
turns into meristem.
c.
provides support.
b.
transports food.
d.
germinates at least once a year.
 

 55. 

The ground tissue that is made up of chloroplast-rich cells is located in the
a.
root.
c.
stem.
b.
xylem.
d.
leaves.
 

 56. 

vascular tissue: transport of fluids ::
a.
epidermis : support
c.
dermal tissue : transport of fluids
b.
dermal tissue : storage
d.
ground tissue : photosynthesis
 

 57. 

The large central root of a carrot is an example of which type of root system?
a.
adventitious
c.
taproot
b.
aerial
d.
fibrous
 

 58. 

The root cap
a.
protects a growing root tip.
c.
absorbs water.
b.
stores food in the form of starch.
d.
contains vascular tissue.
 

 59. 

dermal tissue : root hairs ::
a.
cellular respiration : photosynthesis
c.
cork cells : transport of fluids
b.
vascular tissue : vascular bundle
d.
internodes : nodes
 
 
The diagram below shows the stem of a coleus plant.

nar002-1.jpg
 

 60. 

Refer to the illustration above. The tissue labeled A is called
a.
meristem.
c.
phloem.
b.
xylem.
d.
ground tissue.
 

 61. 

Refer to the illustration above. The structure labeled C is one of this herbaceous stem’s
a.
petioles.
c.
vascular bundles.
b.
veins.
d.
pith nodes.
 

 62. 

Refer to the illustration above. The tissue labeled B, which conducts water and is made of elongated cells that connect end to end, is called
a.
meristem.
c.
phloem.
b.
xylem.
d.
ground tissue.
 

 63. 

The outer layers of ground tissue in a stem are known as the
a.
sapwood.
c.
pith.
b.
nodes.
d.
cortex.
 

 64. 

The bark on a woody stem is made up of
a.
xylem and phloem.
c.
phloem and cork.
b.
sapwood.
d.
mesophyll.
 

 65. 

The vascular bundles of dicot stems are arranged
a.
in rings surrounded by ground tissue.
b.
scattered throughout ground tissue.
c.
in pith scattered throughout ground tissue.
d.
in cortex scattered throughout ground tissue.
 

 66. 

The center region of ground tissue in a herbaceous stem is known as the
a.
sapwood.
c.
pith.
b.
nodes.
d.
cortex.
 

 67. 

Leaves connect to the stems of plants at the
a.
lateral buds.
c.
nodes.
b.
pith.
d.
internodes.
 

 68. 

Leaves with an undivided blade are called
a.
tendrils.
c.
compound.
b.
spines.
d.
simple.
 

 69. 

leaves : carbon dioxide from the air ::
a.
leaves : water from the air
c.
roots : carbon dioxide from the air
b.
roots : light from the air
d.
roots : nutrients from the soil
 

 70. 

Garden-pea tendrils are specialized leaves for
a.
photosynthesis.
c.
respiration.
b.
climbing.
d.
absorption.
 

 71. 

The tissue of the leaf mesophyll that is located directly below the upper epidermis and consists of tightly packed column-shaped cells is the
a.
palisade layer.
c.
adventitious layer.
b.
cortex.
d.
pith.
 
 
Four Different Kinds of Leaves     
nar003-1.jpg
 

 72. 

Refer to the illustration above. Which of the leaves is a compound leaf?
a.
leaf a
c.
leaf c
b.
leaf b
d.
leaf d
 

 73. 

Refer to the illustration above. Which of the leaves is most likely to be a leaf from a monocot?
a.
leaf a
c.
leaf c
b.
leaf b
d.
leaf d
 
 
The diagram below shows a leaf cross section.
nar004-1.jpg
 

 74. 

Refer to the illustration above. The vein illustrated is made up of
a.
only xylem vessels.
c.
both xylem and phloem vessels.
b.
only phloem vessels.
d.
neither xylem nor phloem vessels.
 

 75. 

Refer to the illustration above. The spongy layer is indicated by the letter
a.
A.
c.
C.
b.
B.
d.
D.
 

 76. 

Refer to the illustration above. All of the following relate to structure A except that it
a.
is the cuticle.
c.
covers the epidermis.
b.
protects the leaf.
d.
conducts photosynthesis.
 

 77. 

The first sign of germination is the emergence of the embryo’s
a.
shoot.
c.
stem.
b.
root.
d.
flowers.
 

 78. 

Plants grow in regions of active cell division called
a.
meristems.
c.
phloem.
b.
xylem.
d.
dermal tissue.
 

 79. 

Meristems are found
a.
only at the tips of roots.
c.
at the tips of roots and shoots.
b.
only at the tips of shoots.
d.
at the center of roots and shoots.
 

 80. 

Plant development is similar to animal development because
a.
a plant continues to develop throughout its life.
b.
plants are more strongly influenced by the environment.
c.
newly formed plant cells differentiate to form specialized tissues.
d.
plant development can be reversed.
 

 81. 

During periods of primary growth at apical meristems, stems and roots
a.
become wider.
c.
maintain a constant number of cells.
b.
become longer.
d.
undergo meiosis.
 
 
nar005-1.jpg
 

 82. 

Refer to the illustration above. Outer bark is produced by
a.
layer 2.
c.
layer 5.
b.
layer 4.
d.
layer 7.
 

 83. 

Refer to the illustration above. The cells that produce the secondary xylem are labeled as
a.
layer 2.
c.
layer 4.
b.
layer 3.
d.
layer 5.
 

 84. 

Refer to the illustration above. Secondary xylem is indicated by the cells labeled as
a.
layer 1.
c.
layer 5.
b.
layer 3.
d.
layer 7.
 

 85. 

Secondary xylem and phloem form from
a.
cork cambium.
c.
apical meristems.
b.
vascular cambium.
d.
bark.
 

 86. 

In a woody stem, cork cambium
a.
forms phloem.
c.
produces the cells of the outer bark.
b.
forms xylem.
d.
becomes vascular cambium.
 

 87. 

secondary growth : width ::
a.
secondary growth : height
c.
apical meristem : width
b.
lateral meristem : length
d.
primary growth : length
 

 88. 

xylem : inner side of vascular cambium ::
a.
vascular cambium : cork cambium
b.
outer side of vascular cambium : cork
c.
phloem : outer side of vascular cambium
d.
phloem : cork cambium
 

 89. 

Photosynthesis enables plants to produce most of the organic molecules that they need. This process requires the use of all of the following except
a.
carbon dioxide.
c.
light.
b.
water.
d.
glucose.
 

 90. 

The movement of water through a plant is caused by
a.
the attraction of water molecules to sugar molecules.
b.
the force of osmosis drawing water into the roots.
c.
transpiration from leaves and stems.
d.
translocation of sugars in the stems.
 

 91. 

The loss of water vapor through the leaves of a plant is called
a.
translocation.
c.
active transport.
b.
osmosis.
d.
transpiration.
 

 92. 

The guard cells that surround a stoma
a.
have no walls.
b.
swell with water, causing the stoma to open.
c.
shrink when opening the stoma.
d.
are responsible for translocation.
 

 93. 

The transport of food from the leaves to the rest of the plant is called
a.
translocation.
c.
active transport.
b.
osmosis.
d.
transpiration.
 

 94. 

One model that explains the movement of sugar in a plant is known as the
a.
transpiration model.
c.
pressure-flow model.
b.
translocation model.
d.
source-sink model.
 
 
      The diagrams below illustrate an experiment that was performed to better understand how plants grow toward the light. Diagram A illustrates the cut tip of a seedling that was put on a block of agar.

nar007-1.jpg
 

 95. 

Refer to the illustration above. The plant growth hormone that was discovered in this experiment is called
a.
auxin.
c.
ethylene.
b.
gibberellin.
d.
cytokinin.
 

 96. 

Refer to the illustration above. A hormone caused the stem in diagram C to bend by
a.
exerting a cohesive force on the stem.
b.
causing cells to reproduce at a greater rate.
c.
causing cells on one side to elongate.
d.
translocation.
 

 97. 

A plant hormone that is produced primarily in root tips is
a.
auxin.
c.
ethylene.
b.
cytokinin.
d.
gibberellin.
 

 98. 

Which of the following hormones normally exists in a gaseous state?
a.
auxin
c.
ethylene
b.
cytokinin
d.
gibberellin
 

 99. 

All of the following generally cause tropisms in plants except
a.
light.
c.
touch.
b.
gravity.
d.
heat.
 

 100. 

When vines grow, they often wrap tendrils around objects for support. The tendrils wrap because of
a.
thigmotropism.
c.
phototropism.
b.
gravitropism.
d.
chance.
 
 
Newly Germinated Seedling
nar008-1.jpg
 

 101. 

Refer to the illustration above. Which part of the plant indicates positive phototropism?
a.
A
c.
C
b.
B
d.
D
 

 102. 

Refer to the illustration above. Which part of the plant indicates positive gravitropism?
a.
A
c.
C
b.
B
d.
D
 

 103. 

shoots : negative gravitropism ::
a.
light stimulations : gravitropism
c.
shoots : negative phototropism
b.
gravity movements : phototropism
d.
roots : positive gravitropism
 

 104. 

The response of plants to periods of light and dark is called
a.
seasonal.
c.
daily activity.
b.
photoperiodism.
d.
nocturnal variation.
 

 105. 

Nastic movements in plants result when
a.
some cells grow more than others.
b.
the water content of certain cells changes.
c.
the plant has been exposed to warm temperatures.
d.
seasonal conditions change suddenly.
 

Completion
Complete each statement.
 

 106. 

The ____________________ tissue forms the protective outer layer of a plant.
 

 

 107. 

Dermal tissue functions in ____________________ as well as in protection and the absorption of mineral nutrients.
 

 

 108. 

Vascular tissues are specialized cells that move ____________________, nutrients, and other materials through the plant body.
 

 

 109. 

The tissues that transport water, minerals, and nutrients within a plant make up the ____________________ system.
 

 

 110. 

Narrow, elongated, thick-walled cells that taper at each end and conduct water and mineral nutrients are called ____________________.
 

 

 111. 

Certain conducting cells in the vascular system cannot perform their functions until they have lost most of their ____________________.
 

 

 112. 

The ____________________ of plants absorb water and minerals necessary for growth.
 

 

 113. 

The two main types of root systems are fibrous root systems and ____________________ systems.
 

 

 114. 

Flexible, soft, and usually green stems are known as ____________________ stems.
 

 

 115. 

The darker, non-conducting wood in the center of a tree trunk is called ____________________.
 

 

 116. 

In ____________________ stems, the vascular bundles are arranged in a ring with ground tissue surrounding the ring.
 

 

 117. 

The broad, flat portion of a typical leaf is called the ____________________.
 

 

 118. 

In order for seeds to sprout, environmental conditions must be ____________________.
 

 
 
nar006-1.jpg
 

 119. 

Refer to the diagram above. The structure labeled A in the diagram above is called the ____________________.
 

 

 120. 

Refer to the diagram above. The structure labeled X is called the ____________________.
 

 

 121. 

Resumption of growth by a plant embryo in a seed is called ____________________.
 

 

 122. 

Seeds typically enter a period of dormancy before they ____________________.
 

 

 123. 

The process by which cells become specialized in form and function is called ____________________.
 

 

 124. 

Plants grow in regions of active cell division at the tips of roots and shoots called ____________________.
 

 

 125. 

Growth that occurs from the formation of new cells at the tip of a plant is called ____________________.
 

 

 126. 

Plant tissues that result from primary growth are called ____________________.
 

 

 127. 

Cell division in the parts of plants called ____________________ add layers of new cells around the outside of a plant’s body.
 

 

 128. 

Wood consists primarily of ____________________ cells.
 

 

 129. 

The thickening of a plant body by the production of new xylem and phloem is called ____________________ growth.
 

 

 130. 

A lateral meristem that produces secondary vascular tissue is called the ____________________.
 

 

 131. 

A lateral meristem that produces the cork cells of the outer bark is called the ____________________.
 

 

 132. 

The process that causes a plant to increase in width is called ____________________.
 

 

 133. 

Raw materials required by plants are carbon dioxide, water, oxygen, and ____________________ nutrients.
 

 

 134. 

Nitrogen is an important component of proteins, ____________________, chlorophylls, and coenzymes.
 

 

 135. 

ATP contains the mineral nutrient ____________________.
 

 

 136. 

As water evaporates from the surface of leaves, more water is ____________________ up the plant.
 

 

 137. 

When the guard cells that surround a stoma lose water, the stoma ____________________.
 

 

 138. 

Changes in ____________________ within the guard cells cause stoma to open and close.
 

 

 139. 

Transpiration ____________________ when stomata close.
 

 

 140. 

The transport of organic molecules from the leaves to the rest of the plant is called ____________________.
 

 

 141. 

The leaves of plants are categorized as ____________________ because they are the primary photosynthetic organs.
 

 

 142. 

Organic nutrients in plants move from a(n) ____________________ to a(n) ____________________.
 

 

 143. 

A(n) ____________________ is a chemical produced in one part of an organism and transported to another part of the organism, where it causes a response.
 

 

 144. 

____________________ is a hormone that stimulates fruits to ripen.
 

 

 145. 

The bending of a plant’s stem toward light is an example of a _________________________.
 

 

 146. 

A growth response of plants in which the direction of growth is determined by the direction from which a stimulus comes is called a(n) ____________________.
 

 

 147. 

Because of ____________________, the seeds and buds of many plants delay growth until they have been exposed to a certain number of hours of cold temperatures.
 

 

 148. 

A long-day plant will flower when ____________________ are shorter than a specific number of hours.
 

 

 149. 

Nastic movements are plant responses that are ____________________ of the direction from which the stimulus comes.
 

 

 150. 

The rapid folding of the leaves of a sensitive plant are the result of a(n) ____________________.
 

 



 
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