Taxonomy Study Guide

What is taxonomy?

Who was the first taxonomist & how did they group organisms?

What language is used today in scientific naming? Which taxonomist was first to use this language?

Who is responsible for our modern naming system for organisms?

The Linnaean classification system is based on what?

What is the Linnaean naming system known as? Describe this system.

What are the two words in a scientific name called & how should they appear in print & when you write them?

Correctly write the scientific name for man.

Why aren't common names good to use?

What is the modern system of classification based on?

What are taxa?

Name the 7 taxonomic categories listing them from broadest to most specific.

How many kingdoms did Linnaeus divide organisms into?

Name the kingdoms of organisms today & tell the major characteristics of each kingdom.

Give an example of an organism found in each kingdom.

Write the classification hierarchy for one plant or animal.

What is another name for a family tree?

The organism found at the bottom of a phylogenetic tree would be the _______________ of all other organisms on the tree.

Where are the most modern organisms found on a phylogenetic tree? 

Phylogenetic trees show possible ______________ relationships among organisms.

What are homologous structures & give an example?

What are analogous structures & give an example?

Which structures indicate a shared common ancestor --- analogous or homologous?

Taxonomy based on shared derived characteristics is known as ____________ taxonomy.

Domain systems of taxonomy are based on comparing sequences of _______________.

Name the 3 domains and tell what is included in each group.

Be able to identify organisms using a taxonomic key