Quiz Viruses

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Name: 

Viruses

 

 

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
1.
Although viruses do not consist of cells, biologists consider them to be living because they are capable of reproduction.
2.
Some viruses have a membranous envelope surrounding the protein coat that helps them gain entry into host cells.
3.
Viruses consist of RNA or DNA surrounded by a coat of protein.
4.
Prions are the smallest known particles that are able to replicate.
5.
A virus can only reproduce by controlling a cell.
6.
Once a virus enters either a lytic or a lysogenic cycle, it cannot change to the opposite type of cycle.
7.
Prophages and proviruses can both enter lytic cycles and destroy host cells.
8.
People can contract the influenza virus more than once because the virus tends to mutate rapidly, avoiding the actions of the immune system.
9.
Smallpox is caused by bacteria.
10.
Chickenpox and shingles are caused by the same virus.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
11.
The study of viruses is a part of biology because
a.
they belong to the kingdom Eubacteria.
b.
they are about to become extinct.
c.
they are living organisms.
d.
they are active inside living cells.
12.
The capsid of a virus is the
a.
protective outer coat.
c.
nucleus.
b.
cell membrane.
d.
cell wall and membrane complex.
13.
A membranous envelope surrounding some viruses may be composed of
a.
lipids.
c.
glycoproteins.
b.
proteins.
d.
All of the above
14.
viruses : nucleic acids::
a.
water : ice
c.
simplicity : complexity
b.
brick : wood
d.
a jigsaw puzzle : individual pieces
15.
A typical virus consists of
a.
a protein coat and a cytoplasm core.
b.
a carbohydrate coat and a nucleic acid core.
c.
a protein coat and a nucleic acid core.
d.
a polysaccharide coat and a nucleic acid core.
viruses_files/i0180000.jpg
16.
Refer to the illustration above. Which labeled structure could possibly be made of RNA?
a.
Structure “B”
c.
Structure “D”
b.
Structure “C”
d.
Structure “E”
17.
In which type of cell cycle(s) does viral DNA become integrated into the host cell’s DNA?
a.
lytic
c.
neither lytic nor lysogenic
b.
lysogenic
d.
lytic and lysogenic
18.
A prophage differs from a provirus in that
a.
a prophage contains DNA, while a provirus contains RNA.
b.
a prophage is formed during a lysogenic cycle, while a provirus is formed during a lytic cycle.
c.
a prophage contains DNA found in the infecting virus particle, while a provirus contains DNA produced from viral RNA.
d.
a prophage becomes integrated into a host cell’s DNA, while a provirus cannot become integrated into a host cell’s DNA.
19.
Which of the following is not a virus linked to cancer?
a.
Ebola
c.
hepatitis B
b.
human papillomavirus
d.
Epstein-Barr
20.
Which of the following human activities is most closely associated with emerging viruses?
a.
absence of a vaccination program
c.
clearcutting of forests
b.
crowded living conditions
d.
eating uncooked meat

 

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Protists Quiz

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Simple Protists
  1. Plant-like protists are collectively called:
    protozoans
    algae
    diatoms
    pseudopodia
  2. Where would you find a paramecium?
    in quiet ponds
    in the human body
    in dirt
    on leaves
  3. Which of the following moves using pseudopodia?
    paramecium
    euglena
    diatoms
    ameba
  4. Which of the following is unicellular and heterotrophic?
    ameba
    paramecium
    algae
    both ameba & paramecium
  5. The word “pseudopodia” means:
    small cell
    fake eye
    false foot
    first animal

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Identify the organism pictured above.

ameba
paramecium
euglena
diatom

  1. Which organelle functions to remove excess water?
    micronucleus
    contractile vacuole
    pellicle
    gullet
  2. The ameba reproduces by:
    fusion
    endocytosis
    binary fission
    conjugation
  3. The paramecium belongs to the Kingdom ____ and the Phylum _____
    Ciliphora, Protista
    Protista, Ciliophora
    Protozoa, Protista
    Animalia, Protista
  4. Which of the following is autotrophic?
    paramecium
    foraminifera
    ameba
    euglena

Score =
Correct answers:

Taxonomy Quiz

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Taxonomy
  1.  Which of the following pairs is MOST closely related?
    dog & tapeworm
    tapeworm & bacteria
    mushroom & tree
    ameba & bacteria
  2. Organisms in the Kingdom Animalia are:
    multicellular & heterotrophic
    multicellular & autotrophic
    unicellular & autotrophic
    unicellular & autotrophic
  3. Which of the following groups would contain the largest number of organisms?
    class
    order
    phylum
    family
  4. A scientific name contains information about its:
    family & species
    genus & species
    phylum & order
    class & family
  5. What do plants and animals have in common?
    both are heterotrophic
    both are autotrophic
    both are prokaryotic
    both are eukaryotic
  6. The current classification system was devised by:
    Aristotle
    Plato
    Linnaeus
    Darwin
  7. Instead of phylum, plants use which category?
    division
    subspecies
    class
    subkingdom
  8. If two organisms are in the same phylum, they must also be in the same:
    class
    species
    family
    kingdom
  9. Which kingdom contains “extreme halophiles”?
    eubacteria
    archaebacteria
    fungi
    protista
  10. A dichotomous key is used to:
    locate an organism
    identify an organism
    divide a kingdom
    interbreed species

Score =
Correct answers: