Semester Test Study Guide 2004 BI

Study Guide Semester Test 2004
Taxonomy, Plants, Invertebrates, & Vertebrates 

1.     Fruits of cereal plants are called __________________.

2.     Viral DNA becomes integrated into the host cell’s DNA during the ________________ cycle.

3.     Viruses only reproduce in ___________________.

4.      ____________________ use reverse transcriptase to transcribe DNA from RNA.

5.     Prions are composed only of __________________.

6.      RNA or DNA covered by a protein coat makes up a _______________.

7.     Classifying living things is called ______________________.

8.     From the kingdom to the species level organisms become more ___________________ in appearance.

9.     The system of classifying organisms by assigning genus & species names was developed by _________________.

10.    Which word in a scientific name is the genus?

11.   Noncellular structures that can’t make proteins or use energy, but can reproduce inside living cells would be ____________________.

12.  Scientists all over the world use the _______________, scientific name for an organism.

13.  Scientific names are written in ________________, a dead language.

14. The taxonomic hierarchy is kingdom, phylum, _________________, order, ______________, genus and _______________.

15. A waxy ________________ on the outside of plants prevents evaporation of fluids from the plant.

16. An internal system of connected tubes and vessels in some plants is called ______________________ tissue.

17.   __________________ tissue in plants transports water and minerals.

18. All seed plants have a seed containing an _________________, a ________________ supply, and a protective __________________.

19. Pines, cedars, spruce, and fir are examples of ____________________.

20. Monocot leaves have __________________ venation.

21. Plants grow in regions of active cell division called ________________.

22. Leaves connect to stems at areas called __________________.

23. ____________________ is the loss of water by the leaves & stem of a plant.

24. ____________________ tissue in plants transports sugars.

25. Multicellular heterotrophic organisms without cell walls would be in the kingdom _______________________.

26. Most animals have a head at the _________________ end and a tail located at the _______________ end.

27. Name a freshwater cnidarian closely related to the jellyfish.

28. The concentration of sensory organs on the anterior end of an animal is known as ________________________.

29. The sea anemone has ______________________ symmetry.

30.  The head of a fish would be located on the _______________ end.

31.   _________________ are animals whose cells are specialized but aren’t organized into tissues.

32.  The absence of a vertebral column or backbone is characteristic of all ______________________.

33. ________________ cells help draw water into a sponge.

34. Hard needle-like structures in the wall of a sponge are called __________________.

35. Sponges obtain food by _________________ feeding.

36. _________________ in sponges are cells that move throughout the sponge’s body wall to deliver food to the organism’s cells.

37. _____________________ organisms can produce both eggs and sperm.

38.  A sea anemone captures its prey using ___________________ in its tentacles.

39.  _________________ and _________________ are the two distinct life stages of cnidarians.

40. Name 3 cnidarians.

41. Sea anemones exist as _____________ in the adult stage.

42.                         Housed in chambers on each side of the head are the ______________ of bony fish.

43.                         __________________ mammals keep their offspring inside the mother until their development ids complete.

44. The ____________________ of fish helps them be buoyant in the water.

45. Amphibians breathe through lungs and their _______________.

46. The skin of reptiles is dry and ___________________.

47. Bird’s bones are _________________ and ________________.

48. Amphibian skin is thin and ______________ for __________ exchange.

49. The _______________ is a sheet of muscle below the rib cage in mammals to help them breathe.

50.  The _______________ egg allowed reptiles to adapt to life on land.

Biology Study Guides Summary of Links

Biology Study Guides
All Materials © Cmassengale

Safety & EquipmentChromosomes Flat & Round Worms Unsegmented Worm Review
Study of Life
Intro to Biology Review
Chapter 1 Introduction
Taxonomy Review

Cladogram Practice
Mollusk Review

Chemistry Review

Evolution Review
Annelid Review
Biochemistry Review

Virus Review

Arthropod Review  
Cells – Units of Life
Cells & Their Functions
Cell Review

Cell Study Guide
Bacteria & Viruses
Bacteria & Viruses
Bacteria Review

Insect Review

Homeostasis & Transport

Cell Membrane Review
Transport Study Guide
Fungi Review
Echinoderm Review 
Photosynthesis Review
Protist Review
Fish Review  
Photosynthesis & Respiration

Photosynthesis & Cell Respiration

Mosses & FernsAmphibians
Amphibian Review  
Cellular Respiration
Cell Respiration Review
Seed PlantsReptiles
Reptile Review  
Nucleic Acids
Nucleic Acid Review
Plant Structure & FunctionBirds
Birds Review 
Cell Growth & Division
Cell Cycle & Mitosis
Cell Reproduction Review
Introduction to Animals
Intro to Animals Review
Invertebrate Table

Mammal Review  

Genetics flashcards
Genetics Review
Sponges & Cnidarians
Review Worksheet
Ecology Review

Cycles Worksheet  
Biogeochemical worksheet 
1st Semester 2003
2nd Semester  2003
1st Semester 2004
2nd Semester  2004
1st Semester 2006
1st Semester



Biology I                

PreAP Biology



Safety Study Guide



Safety & Equipment Study Guide
Be able to recognize pictures of the following equipment:

dissecting pan
graduated cylinder
petri dish
test tube
depression slide
dissecting scissors
cover slips
Erlenmeyer flask
microscope slides
dissecting pins
test tube holder

Know the best solution for each of these safety problems:

Not being sure of what to do in a lab
An incorrect procedure causes a fire & explosion
Work area left in a messy condition for the next class
Long hair catches on fire
A chemical splashes into a student’s eye
A specimen slips when dissecting
An incorrect chemical is accidentally used from a bottle
A preservative  is ingested (taken into the mouth) from a dissecting specimen
Liquid spills while trying to label a beaker
The environment becomes polluted from lab wastes


Reptile Study Guide BI

Reptile Study Guide

What lizard is named for the spiny crest on its back?
What is the function of pits on the  head of rattlesnakes?
What species of lizard is the only surviving member of its ancient group?
What is autotomy & what is its advantage?
Name the order for snakes.
Name several characteristics of all snakes.
Explain how retiles get air into their lungs.
Describe the skin of reptiles.
Give several ways that organisms reduce evaporation of water from their bodies.
What is the most widely accepted hypothesis for the extinction of dinosaurs?
Name some protective membranes found inside amniote eggs.
What retile adaptation allows them to live & reproduce on land?
What is the outermost membrane of the reptile egg?
Describe the heart chambers of all reptiles except alligators & crocodiles.
Name the 2 parts of a turtle’s shell and tell where each is located.
Are reptiles endotherms or ectotherms? Explain.
How do endotherms maintain their internal body temperature?
Describe the heart of endotherms.
Define oviparous.
Which group of reptiles care for their young after they hatch?
Which group of reptiles are the most ancient?
What characteristic found in other retiles is lacking in turtles & tortoises?
Describe the feeding habits of crocodiles.

PreAP Protozoan Study Guide


Protozoan Review    


1. Protists with animal-like characteristics are called ___________________________.

2. Protozoans are all ______________________ organisms.

3. One convent way to classify protozoans is based on the way they _______________.

4.  _____________________ move by extending their ___________________.  ______________________ propel themselves by ______________________. _____________________ move by hairlike ____________, and _________________________ do ___________ move by themselves at all.

5. Protozoans that move by extending lobes of cytoplasm are called _______________________________.

6. The lobes of cytoplasm that sarcodinians extend are called _____________________ which means “_____________  ________________”.

7. When conditions are unfavorable, many amoebas survive by becoming hard ______________.  The ____________ can withstand drought, heat, or being eaten by other organisms.

8. Not all sarcodinians are soft “Naked”, some have hard shells or  _______________ made of   __________________________________ or _______________________.  They are called ____________________________ and _______________________________.

9. Sarcodinians are protozoans that move by extending lobes of _________________________.

10. ________________________________ are protozoans that move by means of flagella.

11. Some zooflagellates are free-living ________________________ or ____________________ organisms; many can live inside other organisms in _____________________ relationship.  Zooflagellates may have a ________________________ or _________________________________ relationships with other organisms.

12. Which zooflagellate parasite causes African Sleeping Sickness in humans? ____________________________.  The disease is spread by the bite of the __________________  ___________________.

13.  _________________________ are protozoans that have bodies covered with short hairlike projections called _________________.  They beat like ___________ to propel these protists through the water.

14. The ____________________________ is a common freshwater ciliate.

15. Paramecium gathers food with its _____________.  The ____________ sweeps food particles into the ______________  _________________, the Mouth _____________ opens into a ___________________  which pinches off around them to form a ____________________  ______________________.  It ejects wastes through an opening called the ______________________  __________________________.

16. Water is constantly enters the Paramecium cell by _______________________.  They would burst if they did not have a way to get rid of excess water.  ______________________________  _____________________________ collect the excess water and pump it outside.

17. Like all ciliates, Paramecium has ______________ distinct kinds of nuclei, each with a different function.  The ___________________________ controls ongoing functions of the cell and __________________________ reproduction.  Ciliates reproduce _______________________ by cell division.  The _____________________________ is involved in genetic exchange during ___________________________ reproduction.

18. When a Paramecium reproduces sexually, it exchanges genetic information by ________________________________________.

19. The protozoans that have NO structures for movement, and lives by being a parasite in animals are the ______________________________.  They are ____________-__________________ ____________________ protozoans.

20. The protozoan that causes malaria is named ________________________ and is carried within _________________  ____________________.

21. Protozoans can grow and reproduce only in _____________ environments.

22.   _____________________ is a collection of mostly microscopic organisms that float near the surface of the ocean and lakes.

23. Type of sarcodina that moves by pseudopodia is an _________________________.

24. The sporozoan that causes malaria is _______________________________.

25. The ciliophora that moves by cilia ________________________________.

26. Types of sarcodinians that are covered by a protective test are __________________________ and ______________________________.

27. The insect that transmits malaria to humans is the _____________________.

28. The sporozoan that is found in cats is ________________________  _____________________.

29. The zooflagellate that causes Chaga’s disease is ___________________________  _______________________.

30. The zooflagellate that is known to contaminate stream water in the U.S. is _______________________  __________________________.

31.  ________________________ is a process of sexual reproduction in ciliates.

32. Protozoa are thought to have descended from ________________________ Eukaryotes.

33. Protozoan habitats are characterized by the presence of _______________________.

34. An adaptation to extreme environments is called ________________  _______________________________.

35. Sarcodines use their pseudopodia for ________________________________________, _____________________________________, and ________________________________.

36.  Certain sarcodines affect Earth’s geology by having mineralized shells that form __________________________  _________________ after they die.

37. What do trypanosomiasis, Chaga’s disease, leishmaniasis, and giardiasis have in common?  (Hint) They are all caused by __________________________________.

38. Pseudopodia are extensions of a sarcodine’s ____________________________.

39. In Paramecium, the macronucleus contains _______________________  _______________________ of _____________________.

40. What Two terms best describes members of the Kingdom Protista? (Hint) They are _________________________ – _______________ and ____________________________.

41. Most protists are made up of ______________________________ cell(s).

42. Most protists live in a ________________________________ environment.

43. Some protists undergo sexual reproduction only at times of environmental ________________________________.

44. Some protists have __________________________________ that contain light sensitive pigments.

45. Sleeping sickness is caused by a group of ____________________________ called trypanosomes.

46. _________________________________ has been used since the 1600s to relieve the symptoms of malaria.

47. Disease causing protists are transmitted mainly by insects and contaminated ______________________________.

DIRECTIONS: Answer the questions below as completely and as thoroughly as possible. Answer the question in essay form (not outline form), using complete sentences. You may use diagrams to supplement your answers, but a diagram alone without appropriate discussion is inadequate.

1. What kind of organisms are found in the kingdom Protista? What characteristics do they share?

2. Explain how parasitic zooflagellates infect their hosts. Give two examples.

3. Describe the life cycle of Plasmodium. What features typical of sporozoans does this life cycle exhibit.

4.  Describe the four phyla of protozoa.

5. Would a motile or nonmotile protozoan be more likely to be free-living? Explain your answer.

6. Distinguish between the terms Protist and Protozoan.

7. What is conjugation? How is this process advantageous for ciliates, such as Paramecium?

8. Describe the process of ameboid movement and how it helps with the amoeba’s nutrition.

9. What are pseudopodia? What functions do they serve in sarcodines?

10. Describe Three means of locomotion among protozoa.

11. What is a cyst? Under what conditions might certain protozoa form cysts?

12. Explain how Conjugation in protozoa (Paramecium) differs from conjugation in bacteria?

13. Explain the role of protozoa in aquatic ecosystem food chains?

14. How have sarcodines built geological features of the environment?

15. What adaptive significance does the contractile vacuole have in fresh water sarcodine?

16. What Kinds of diseases can zooflagellates cause in humans?