Effect of Solutions on Cells
What happens when cells are place in different kinds of solutions
Plant cells placed in a hypertonic solution will undergo plasmolysis, a condition where the plasma membrane pulls away from the cell wall as the cell shrinks. The cell wall is rigid and does not shrink.
| The Elodea cells have been placed in a 10% NaCl solution. The contents of the cells have been reduced to the spherical structures shown. |
| Normal Elodea cells |
Animal cells placed in a hypertonic solution will undergo crenation, a condition where the cell shrivels up as it loses water. Red blood cells in a hypotonic solution will swell and burst or lyse.