Genetics Study Guide
|The two genes or alleles that combine to determine a trait would be the organism’s _______________.|
|Type AB blood, having two genes dominant for a trait, is an example of ________.|
|State Mendel’s law of segregation.|
|Rr x Rr is an example of what type of cross —– P1, F1, or F2?|
|If both alleles are the same in a genotype, is the genotype homozygous or heterozygous?|
|Which cross is a cross between two hybrids —– P1, F1, or F2?|
|__________ dominance results in the blending of genes in the hybrid. Give an example using flower color.|
|What is another term for a heterozygous genotype?|
|The _____________ is the physical feature such as round peas that results from a genotype.|
|How many traits are involved in a monohybrid cross?|
|What type of organism was used in the first genetic studies done by Gregor Mendel?|
|What is a karyotype?|
|The two genes for a trait represented by capital & lower case letters are called __________.|
|How many traits are involved in a dihybrid cross?|
|Which of Mendel’s laws states that the dominant gene in a pair will be expressed?|
|If both alleles are the same, is the genotype homozygous or heterozygous? Write an example.|
|Write an example of a hybrid or heterozygous genotype.|
|The genes for sex-linked traits are only carried on which chromosome?|
|Who is considered to be the “father of genetics”?|
|A second filial or F2 cross is also called a ____________ cross.|
|The failure of chromosomes to separate during meiosis (egg & sperm formation) is known as _________________.|
|A cross between two pure or homozygous organisms is called what type of cross —– P1, F1, or F2?|
|What genetic disorder results from a sex-linked trait that affects color vision?|
|The genetic disorder called _______________ is known as the “free bleeders” disease.|
|Having three 21st chromosomes causes the genetic disorder known as _________.|
|A person suffering from the genetic disorder called ______________ can not digest fats.|
|_____________________ disease is a genetic disorder where red blood cells carry less oxygen.|
|Work a P1 cross for plant height in peas.|
|Work an F1 cross for plant height in peas.|
DIRECTIONS: Answer the questions below as completely and as thoroughly as possible. Answer the question in essay form (not outline form), using complete sentences. You may use diagrams or pictures to supplement your answers, but a diagram or picture alone without appropriate discussion is inadequate.
1. State the two laws of heredity that resulted from Mendel’s work.
2. What happens during meiosis that would allow genes located on the same chromosome to separate independently of one another?
3. List the steps in Mendel’s experiments on pea plants. Include the P generation, F1 generation, and F2 generation.
4. Write the equation for probability.
5. Distinguish between codominance and incomplete dominance. Give an example of each type of inheritance.
6. Define the terms, dominant and recessive.
7. Relate the events of meiosis to the law of segregation.
8. Explain the difference between a monohybrid cross and dihybrid cross. Give an example of each.
9. Explain how you would use a Punnett square to predict the probable outcome of a monohybrid cross. Draw a Punnett square to demonstrate your monohybrid cross.
10. Explain the terms genotype and phenotype.
11. Explain the terms homozygous and heterozygous.