Study Guide Semester Test 2004
Taxonomy, Plants, Invertebrates, & Vertebrates
1. Fruits of cereal plants are called __________________.
2. Viral DNA becomes integrated into the host cell’s DNA during the ________________ cycle.
3. Viruses only reproduce in ___________________.
4. ____________________ use reverse transcriptase to transcribe DNA from RNA.
5. Prions are composed only of __________________.
6. RNA or DNA covered by a protein coat makes up a _______________.
7. Classifying living things is called ______________________.
8. From the kingdom to the species level organisms become more ___________________ in appearance.
9. The system of classifying organisms by assigning genus & species names was developed by _________________.
10. Which word in a scientific name is the genus?
11. Noncellular structures that can’t make proteins or use energy, but can reproduce inside living cells would be ____________________.
12. Scientists all over the world use the _______________, scientific name for an organism.
13. Scientific names are written in ________________, a dead language.
14. The taxonomic hierarchy is kingdom, phylum, _________________, order, ______________, genus and _______________.
15. A waxy ________________ on the outside of plants prevents evaporation of fluids from the plant.
16. An internal system of connected tubes and vessels in some plants is called ______________________ tissue.
17. __________________ tissue in plants transports water and minerals.
18. All seed plants have a seed containing an _________________, a ________________ supply, and a protective __________________.
19. Pines, cedars, spruce, and fir are examples of ____________________.
20. Monocot leaves have __________________ venation.
21. Plants grow in regions of active cell division called ________________.
22. Leaves connect to stems at areas called __________________.
23. ____________________ is the loss of water by the leaves & stem of a plant.
24. ____________________ tissue in plants transports sugars.
25. Multicellular heterotrophic organisms without cell walls would be in the kingdom _______________________.
26. Most animals have a head at the _________________ end and a tail located at the _______________ end.
27. Name a freshwater cnidarian closely related to the jellyfish.
28. The concentration of sensory organs on the anterior end of an animal is known as ________________________.
29. The sea anemone has ______________________ symmetry.
30. The head of a fish would be located on the _______________ end.
31. _________________ are animals whose cells are specialized but aren’t organized into tissues.
32. The absence of a vertebral column or backbone is characteristic of all ______________________.
33. ________________ cells help draw water into a sponge.
34. Hard needle-like structures in the wall of a sponge are called __________________.
35. Sponges obtain food by _________________ feeding.
36. _________________ in sponges are cells that move throughout the sponge’s body wall to deliver food to the organism’s cells.
37. _____________________ organisms can produce both eggs and sperm.
38. A sea anemone captures its prey using ___________________ in its tentacles.
39. _________________ and _________________ are the two distinct life stages of cnidarians.
40. Name 3 cnidarians.
41. Sea anemones exist as _____________ in the adult stage.
42. Housed in chambers on each side of the head are the ______________ of bony fish.
43. __________________ mammals keep their offspring inside the mother until their development ids complete.
44. The ____________________ of fish helps them be buoyant in the water.
45. Amphibians breathe through lungs and their _______________.
46. The skin of reptiles is dry and ___________________.
47. Bird’s bones are _________________ and ________________.
48. Amphibian skin is thin and ______________ for __________ exchange.
49. The _______________ is a sheet of muscle below the rib cage in mammals to help them breathe.
50. The _______________ egg allowed reptiles to adapt to life on land.