Semester Test Study Guide 2004 BI

Study Guide Semester Test 2004
Taxonomy, Plants, Invertebrates, & Vertebrates 

1.     Fruits of cereal plants are called __________________.

2.     Viral DNA becomes integrated into the host cell’s DNA during the ________________ cycle.

3.     Viruses only reproduce in ___________________.

4.      ____________________ use reverse transcriptase to transcribe DNA from RNA.

5.     Prions are composed only of __________________.

6.      RNA or DNA covered by a protein coat makes up a _______________.

7.     Classifying living things is called ______________________.

8.     From the kingdom to the species level organisms become more ___________________ in appearance.

9.     The system of classifying organisms by assigning genus & species names was developed by _________________.

10.    Which word in a scientific name is the genus?

11.   Noncellular structures that can’t make proteins or use energy, but can reproduce inside living cells would be ____________________.

12.  Scientists all over the world use the _______________, scientific name for an organism.

13.  Scientific names are written in ________________, a dead language.

14. The taxonomic hierarchy is kingdom, phylum, _________________, order, ______________, genus and _______________.

15. A waxy ________________ on the outside of plants prevents evaporation of fluids from the plant.

16. An internal system of connected tubes and vessels in some plants is called ______________________ tissue.

17.   __________________ tissue in plants transports water and minerals.

18. All seed plants have a seed containing an _________________, a ________________ supply, and a protective __________________.

19. Pines, cedars, spruce, and fir are examples of ____________________.

20. Monocot leaves have __________________ venation.

21. Plants grow in regions of active cell division called ________________.

22. Leaves connect to stems at areas called __________________.

23. ____________________ is the loss of water by the leaves & stem of a plant.

24. ____________________ tissue in plants transports sugars.

25. Multicellular heterotrophic organisms without cell walls would be in the kingdom _______________________.

26. Most animals have a head at the _________________ end and a tail located at the _______________ end.

27. Name a freshwater cnidarian closely related to the jellyfish.

28. The concentration of sensory organs on the anterior end of an animal is known as ________________________.

29. The sea anemone has ______________________ symmetry.

30.  The head of a fish would be located on the _______________ end.

31.   _________________ are animals whose cells are specialized but aren’t organized into tissues.

32.  The absence of a vertebral column or backbone is characteristic of all ______________________.

33. ________________ cells help draw water into a sponge.

34. Hard needle-like structures in the wall of a sponge are called __________________.

35. Sponges obtain food by _________________ feeding.

36. _________________ in sponges are cells that move throughout the sponge’s body wall to deliver food to the organism’s cells.

37. _____________________ organisms can produce both eggs and sperm.

38.  A sea anemone captures its prey using ___________________ in its tentacles.

39.  _________________ and _________________ are the two distinct life stages of cnidarians.

40. Name 3 cnidarians.

41. Sea anemones exist as _____________ in the adult stage.

42.                         Housed in chambers on each side of the head are the ______________ of bony fish.

43.                         __________________ mammals keep their offspring inside the mother until their development ids complete.

44. The ____________________ of fish helps them be buoyant in the water.

45. Amphibians breathe through lungs and their _______________.

46. The skin of reptiles is dry and ___________________.

47. Bird’s bones are _________________ and ________________.

48. Amphibian skin is thin and ______________ for __________ exchange.

49. The _______________ is a sheet of muscle below the rib cage in mammals to help them breathe.

50.  The _______________ egg allowed reptiles to adapt to life on land.