|DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)|
- a permanent copy of genetic information.
- uses “T” instead of “U”
- no 2′ OH group
- more stable than RNA
- lower error frequency during replication than RNA
|RNA (ribonucleic acid)|
- messenger RNA (mRNA) is a temporary copy of the gene sequence in which protein is encoded.
- consists of amino acids linked by aminoester (“peptide”) bonds.
- most enzymes and many structural components of cells are made of proteins.